Each State has its own unique sentencing scheme. Some States have a sentencing scheme similar to the Federal Sentencing Guidelines. Some have a very different system, requiring judges to determine mitigating factors, aggravating factors, and a wide variety of other factors.
Most States have laws that enhance a sentence based upon certain factors such as prior convictions, number of victims, whether a firearm was used in the commission of the offense, etc. Most states have mandatory minimum sentences for certain crimes – and then exceptions to those rules, and exceptions to those exceptions.
Whatever the State's sentencing scheme is, one thing is the same in every single State – if the attorney representing the client at sentencing is unprepared and not ready to forcefully argue for the lowest possible sentence, the client will suffer.
In most States, there is no second chance at sentencing. When the Judge announces the sentence that is likely the sentence that the client will be stuck with, unless a motion for post-conviction relief or an appeal is successful.
This is why it is so important to hire an Orlando appeals attorney who will prepare the case by submitting appropriate sentencing materials, making the appropriate legal and Constitutional challenges to
sentences ahead of time, and go to court, armed with the right tools, to advocate forcefully for a client and convince a court to show leniency at sentencing.
Typically in State court, you only get one shot at a sentencing hearing to persuade the Judge to give you leniency. Make it count by hiring the right law firm.